www.tbkbiodiesel.com

 

Janos Thesz 

TOMS BioDiesel Co-Inventor  

thesz@t-online.hu

Sandy Reifler 

americanallergy@yahoo.com

 

THE NEXT GENERATION FOSSIL-FREE BIODIESEL FUEL

TOMS BIODIESEL A PATENTED NOVEL 100% GREEN PETRODIESEL SUBSTITUTE

EU Publication number EP2113019 - USE OF FUELS OR FUEL ADDITIVES BASED ON

"TRIGLYCERIDES OF MODIFIED STRUCTURE" ( TOMS BioDiesel )

TOMS BioDiesel is a FAEE Biofuel that replaces #2 Diesel.
It's 100% Biofuel with "NO Petroleum" fossil fuel feedstock.
Made from renewable plant oil and ethyl acetate made from bio-ethanol.
Cost 8-10% less than conventional FAME BioDiesel Process.
Uses No Methanol, No Water, and produces No Glycerin by-product!

REDUCES AIR POLLUTION
Incorporation of TOMS Biodiesel into the nation’s fleet of heavy-duty diesels trucks can reduce Nitrogen Oxides NOx Emissions. TOMS BioDiesel is a Low NOx advanced biofuel that burns cleaner than the existing traditional fuels PetroDiesel and B100 BioDiesel.

02/10/2015

 

PetroDiesel BioDiesel

 

TBK-BioDiesel's name was changed to TOMS-BioDiesel after the World Patent.

 

EP 2113019 A1 (text from WO2008096187A1)

Use of fuels or fuel additives based on triglycerides of modified structure and process for their preparation

ABSTRACT  
The invention is directed to the use of triglycerides of modified structure, mostly known per se, as fuels, combustibles, or fuel and/or combustible additives, and to the fuels comprising them. In the description and in the claims the expression 'fuel' means liquid motor propulsion materials and/or liquid combustibles. In addition, the invention is directed to new procedures for the simple, economical and environment protecting preparation of the triglycerides of modified structure and/or the mixtures comprising them, and at the same time the glycerol produced in the known procedures in large amounts can be utilized.

EP2113019B1, US8673029, US20100223842, WO2008096187A1

 
 
Clive Richardson (January 27, 2012 5:42 PM)
This applies to the USA, EU and others for Bio Diesel. The FAME standard promotes a waste of resources.

TOMS-Biodiesel: a Patented novel 100% green petrodiesel substitute methodology: 

In addition to the below TOMS details we are aware of the continuing demand for bio diesel FAME producers to improve their product, possibly by distillation. Our view is that is is an expensive proposition. In fact it is possible, using TOMS methodology to produce TOMS or FAEE, FAME and even low calorie food oils 50:50 ratio; again with zero waste, or additional high distillation costs. Further we are aware from conversations with process engineering specialists (DeSmet Ballestra) that the design, build, operation of a TOMS facility would be up to 30% less expensive than costs associated with traditional FAME manufacturing plants. 


“Our objective is to seek out opportunity to commercialise the Patented TOMS methodology”.


TOMS-Biodiesel: a Patented novel 100% green petrodiesel substitute methodology: 

It is well known from EU directive 30/2009 that blending of conventional biodiesel (FAME) into petrodiesel has been limited to 7% (article [4], Appendix II.) “owing to technical considerations” (article [33]). It is also evident for any professional of the art that “neat” (unblended) FAME’s on account of their high cloud points (this being - 4°C in the case of rapeseed based FAME) are inapplicable in diesel engines in moderate-climate countries. So it seems that the life cycle of first generation petrodiesel both as an additive/substitute has reached the decline stage. 

As to the second generation diesel substitutes and relating processes (in general, the BTL processes, e.g. Neste’s NExBTL method, but also biomass-based Fischer-Tropsch syntheses, or pyrolytic procedures, in short: “thermochemical pathways”), have thus far failed to produce viable alternatives, for a variety of reasons (the pertaining products – e.g. “non-ester biodiesel” -- themselves otherwise not being subject to limitations, unlike FAME’s, see again in point [33] of EU directive 30/2009). E.g. consider extreme reaction conditions (energy-intensive, high pressure/temperature parameters, multi-step reactions, isomerisation, use of huge volumes of fossil derived hydrogen, cost and recovery cost of precious-metal catalysts, loss of approximately. 20% feedstock in the hydrotreatment/pyrolytic process in the form of carbon dioxide and water, high investment, equipment and operating costs, etc.). Not to mention the most important fact, that such bio paraffin products – the respective feedstock biomasses having been deprived of their inherent internal oxygen content in the hydrotreatment/pyrolytic processes – will have the same unfavourable emission profiles, as their fossil-derived counterparts (requiring oxygenate additives for improving exhaust gases), such issues having been the very reason previously for propagating introduction of e.g. biodiesel (FAME), this being an oxygenated fuel, owing to the presence of oxygen atoms in the ester linkages. 

Now, in view of all this, we are proposing introduction of our novel, 100% green diesel substitute, “TOMS-Biodiesel”, an award winning combustible of the 2007 Geneva International Salon of Inventions (“Gold Medal”, “Invention of the Year” in Hungary), since then patented in Hungary (HU 226 873) and in the Republic of South Africa (2009/06088), patents pending in 50 or so countries (PCT/HU 2008/000013) currently at the final stage of assessment by the EPO. 

Our feedstock is the same as for FAME (any triglyceride) but we react these high viscosity oils (in themselves unfit for use in diesel engines for this very reason) with 100% bio derived ethyl acetate (as against fossil derived methanol in the FAME processes), whereby we partially exchange the original long (C16 –C24) acyl chains of oils bound to the glycerol backbone, for acetyl (C2) chains, affording modified triglycerides („light oils”) with amply reduced viscosities, the displaced long chains forming at the same time ethyl esters of fatty acids (FAEE’s), these latter themselves long known and approved as diesel biofuels. So there is no glycerol formation, as the glycerol backbone has been retained, moreover on account of incorporation of the ethyl acetate moieties into the fuel, from one unit of feedstock oil we get 15 – 20 % more fuel. 

That is: 
CH2-OCO-L O N G CH2-OCO- CH3 

I I 

CH - OCO-L O N G + CH3-COO-Et --> CH - OCO-L O N G + LONG-COO-Et 

I I 

CH2-OCO-L O N G CH2-OCO-L O N G 

Mw: 878 Mw: 88 Mw: 658 + Mw: 308 

(rapeseed oil) (ethyl acetate) "modified triglyceride" fatty acid ethyl ester mTG FAEE TOMS - B i o d i e s e l 



Every atom of feedstock oils is turned into fuel, with no glycerol by product, no wastes, our fuel having superior fuel properties over conventional biodiesel (FAME), e.g. Our cloud point (with rapeseed feedstock) being – 13°C, our iodine number 90 - 95 (always necessarily lower than in the corresponding FAME, on account of “dilution of double bonds” with the incorporation of ethyl acetate moieties), our oxidation stability being 11.6 hours (as against < 6 hours with FAME), our specific gravity being 0.915 (FAME: 0.88), making our volumetric energy density practically the same as that of petrodiesel (specific gravity here being 0.83), etc. And on account of retention of the glycerol backbone, our internal oxygen content is 30% higher than that of FAME (TOMS formally being "an oxygenated FAEE"), resulting in superb emission profiles as against gas station petrodiesel, used as control fuel in our engine and emission tests, performed in an accredited laboratory. So fuel properties of TOMS-Biodiesel render this renewable fuel applicable in diesel engines in unblended form as well (as TOMS 100). 

May we point out here some most important aspects concerning our emissions: we have 75 – 80% less smoke, than petrodiesel, less NOx (nitrogen oxide) and HC (unburnt hydrocarbon) emissions, all most important aspects in city transport. Please see our diagrams, but kindly note that they were plotted on mass basis (as function of grams of fuel consumed), but owing to TOMS’s much higher specific gravity, on volumetric basis, i.e. “mileage with one tanking”, we are very near to petrodiesel, that is our volumetric energy density is just a few percentage points lower that petroleum diesel. 

Our partial interesterification reaction being an equilibrium one, so we can regulate the conversion rate, i.e. exchange of original long C16 - C24 fatty acid side-chains for short ones, e.g. for C2 acetyl, via excess of ethyl acetate used, thereby arriving at varying viscosity products, that is producing heavy/light diesel renewable substitutes on demand. Thus ours is a "designer fuel" in the fullest sense of the term. 

We also emphasise here that our production costs are 5 – 10% below that of conventional biodiesel, we can produce TOMS -Biodiesel in operating FAME plants (after some modifications) or in closed-down BD plants (with some revamping). Owing to absence of the gylcerol side-streams, investment costs are appr. 30% lower than those of conventional BD plants, etc. 

Finally we wish to stress that EU directive 28/2009 expressly and explicitly supports R&D work on “novel fuels and technologies” (see articles [13, 14, 22, 29, 42, 66, 89, k]), that is, our novel, 100% sustainable petrodiesel substitute falling into this recommended category. 

Clive Richardson